FESTIVALS OF INDIA
- Do you want to know about the festival in India?
- How many types of festivals in India?
Festivals are an important part of our life. Peoples celebrate festivals by wearing new clothes, exchanging greetings and gifts, having fun together with our families. We eat special dishes and giving some food to poor people. In India there are many festivals are celebrated throughout the whole country and some festival is celebrated only in the state. In our country, there are three types of a festival:- National Festival of India, Religious Festivals of India, and Harvest Festivals fo India. A festival is a time for fun, joy and celebrates with our family. We know that India is a land of festivals. In India, not a single month goes by without a festival. In India, the birthday of some famous persons is also celebrated as a festival.
NATIONAL FESTIVALS OF INDIA
National festivals are celebrated by Indians all over the country. In India, there is three national festival are celebrated the Independence Day, the Republic day and the Gandhi Jayanti.
THE INDEPENDENCE DAY
India becomes independence from British government rule on 15th August 1947. Therefore, independence day is celebrated in India on 15th August every year. On this day, the prime minister of in host the national flag at the Red Fort in Delhi. We remember the heroes, who sacrificed their lives for the freedom of our country during the independence struggle.
THE REPUBLIC DAY
This is a very important festival in India because, after independence, we made our own laws to run our nation. On this day people of India decided to choose their own leaders to run our country. Our head of the state, the president, is elected. In our country there is an elected head of the state is called a republic. India became a republic on the 26th January 1950. After that our whole country celebrate republic day on 26th January every year.
Note: Our national flag has stripes of three different colors, these color have some meaning like Saffron stand for courage and sacrifice. White color stands for truth and purity. Green color represents our life, faith, and behavior.
A big parade is held in New Delhi on republic day. The president of our country takes the salute at the Republic Day parade held in New Delhi. Our Army, Navy and Air Force take part on republic day parade. On this day, the different state presents their Jhankis in the parade. After parade people also presents folk dance and school children also take part in this day.
THE GANDHI JAYANTI
The 2nd of October is the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. Father of nation Mahatma Gandhi. We celebrate this day as the Gandhi Jayanti. The whole country celebrates this festival on this day every year. The president, the prime minister and other visit the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi at Raj Ghat in New Delhi and give their respect to our father of a nation.
RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS OF INDIA
The religious festival of India is mainly celebrated by the people of a particular religion. But on the days, the people of other religions also exchange greeting and embrace their friends. A few of our main religious festivals are:
Holi is the festival of color. Popular festival Holi is the festival of Hindus. It is mainly celebrated by Hindus in northern India. People throw colored water and use a color powder called Gulal on each other. We bonfires representing Holika then and the splash of colors mark the occasion. Special food is prepared on the occasion.
Dussehra celebrates the victory of good over evil. We believed that on this day, Lord Ram killed Ravan, the ten-headed demon. Ramlila presents the story of Lord ram life is staged. Tall statues of Ravana, his brother Kumbh Karan and son magnet are set to fire or we bonfire all. In West Bengal, Dussehra is celebrated as Durga Puja.
This is the most popular festival of India/Hindu. Diwali is the festival of lights. In Diwali Laxmi, the goddess of wealth is worshipped on this day. We burn crackers and make sweet, the return of lord ram to Ayodhya from his 14-year exile after killing Ravan. People decorate his house and roof at night to make his joyous return of lord ram. On this day Lord Ganesha is also worshipped on the occasion of Diwali.
This is a Christian festival celebrated on 25th December on the birth of Jesus Christ every year. Christmas tree is planted and decorated with beautiful toys, gifts, tiny lamps and stars on 25th December. People wear new dresses and exchange gifts with friends and relatives. Santa clause distributes toys and sweets to children on this day. Special Christmas cake is prepared on this day id Christian houses.
Edu-ul-Fitr or eid id celebrate by Muslims in parts of the world. It marks the end of a month-long period of fasting called Ramzan or Ramadan. Muslims offer prayer or namaz at the Edgar. They wear new clothes. They embrace each other and wish ‘eid Mubarak’. A special sweet dish called sevaiyan is prepared. Alms are given the poor on this occasion. “Ramzan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar”.
Gurpurabs celebrated on the birthday of the Sikh Gurus. The most important one is the birthday of Guru Nanak. It falls on the Kartik Poornima. On this day, Sikhs go to Gurdwaras. Gurpurbs is a community celebration. Kitchen or langar open for public eating is also organized. “The Akhand path is a continuous reading of the Guru Granth Sahib the holy book of Sikhs from beginning to end without stopping.
HARVEST FESTIVAL OF INDIA
India lives in villages. Farming is the main occupation of villagers. The harvest time is an occasion to celebrate. Harvest Festivals in India are celebrated when crops are ripe and ready for harvesting. They mark the change in season. A few of them are:
This is the harvest festival of Punjab and it is celebrated with enthusiasm. It is celebrated on 13th April because the wheat crop is reaped. It marks the beginning of the harvesting season. On this day, a big fair is held. Men perform ‘bhangra’ and women do ‘Gidda’ dance. It is a fun festival for everyone.
Pongal is the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu. we celebrated for three days. On the first day, the rain god is worshipped. On the second day, the sun god is worshipped. The third day, the cow is worshipped. Fairs and processions are also organized. A special dish called Pongal rice is prepared from milk, rice, and jaggery on this day. “ On the occasion of Pongal, an interesting event of bullfight or jallikattu is organized in many places in Tamil Nadu “.
Onam is celebrated at the time when the southwest monsoon ends. And spring and rice crop starts in the state. It is believed that King Mahabali comes to visit his people once in Kerala and people enjoy their homecoming. Onam is a very colorful festival. The most attractive part of Onam celebrations is Vallamkali, the snake-boat race help in the rivers of Kerala.
Important note: The 1.5 km Nehru trophy boat race is held during the Onam in August in punnamada lake in Alappuzha. It was started in 1952 by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
We are lucky to live in a country where people celebrate so many festivals. The festivals of a country are very important indeed. Festivals are the occasions when our dear and near ones come together and celebrate, forgetting the sorrows of life. They also teach us to live peacefully.
LETS US RECAP FESTIVALS OF INDIA
- India is a country of many festivals.
- There are three kinds of festivals in India – national, religious and harvest.
- We have three national festival of India – the independence day, the republic day and the Gandhi Jayanti.
- Some of our religious festival of India are – Dussehra puja, Diwali, Holi, Eid, Christmas, Gurpurabs, etc.
- Baisakhi, Pangal, and Onam are the chief harvest festivals of India. They mark the change in season.
- Festivals are the source of recreation and joy and teach us to live peacefully.
Some important word meaning related to this article
- Hoist: to raise something up
- Addresses: speaks to
- Symbolizes: represents
- Homeage: to show respect for somebody
- Embrace: hold closely in one’s arms
- Bonfire: a large outdoor fire
- Effigy: a rough model of someone
- Exile: a forceful stay at a distant place
- Procession: a group of people, vehicles, etc moving forward in an orderly way